What is CBD Oil?
After close to a hundred years of prohibition, hemp regulations have finally taken root in America. In 2014, the federal farm bill allowed farmers in various states, which have adopted industrial hemp legislation, permission to legally grow and harvest hemp (in conjunction with the state's department of agriculture programs). There are other states that have established industrial hemp programs, but these programs are limited to academic and agricultural purposes only (USDA, 2016).
With many states adopting hemp laws, there is much confusion as to what hemp actually is. Hemp has been often confused with marijuana, which is a federally illegal schedule 1 narcotic due to its psychoactive properties. Marijuana is specifically grown for the high delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, and low cannibinodal, or CBD content (DEA). Hemp on the other hand is a low-THC, high-CBD variety of Cannabis. Only recently has hemp come of out the darkened shadows of its kissing-cousin, marijuana. Contrary to popular belief, the consumption of hemp products will not give you that buzz or the cloudiness that smoking marijuana does. Two researchers, David L. Arndt and Harriet de Wit, preformed a study that clarifies “CBD does not alter responses to emotional stimuli, or produce anxiolytic-like effects in healthy human subjects.” This means hemp, with its low THC and high CBD, is completely safe, healthy and legal to use.
What is a cannabinoid?
Cannabinoids are chemical compounds found in cannabis. The most commonly known compounds are THC and CBD. CBD is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid, and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the only psychoactive cannabinoid.
How do you extract cannabinoids?
Cannatrait extracts these cannabinoids using solvents. Solvents are selective strippers that remove the cannabinoids from hemp. The most commonly used in cannabis extraction are butane, hexane, pentane, CO2, and ethanol. Cannatrait uses ethanol as a solvent because of its consistency and properties as a full spectrum oil. There is still a trace amount of THC left in the plant and its products when it is a full spectrum extract. This cannot exceed .3% THC legally, which can potentially show up on a drug screen or a field test used by law enforcement (Eichner, 2017). This knowledge is essential to know before using any of Cannatrait’s products. Our method of ethanol extraction has become an art form, but it is labor intensive. Straying away from toxic chemicals and using organic solvents ensures a higher quality end product for the community and planet.
What does CBD do?
CBD interacts with the body through our endocannabinoid system. The endocannabinoid system manages the body’s equilibrium, or state of balance. This helps maintain a healthy you.
Arndt, David L., and Harriet de Wit. “Cannabidiol Does Not Dampen Responses to Emotional Stimuli in Healthy Adults.” Advances in Pediatrics., U.S. National Library of Medicine, 1 June 2017, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5569582/.
Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA). (n.d.). Drug Schedules. Retrieved April 26, 2018, from https://www.dea.gov/druginfo/ds.shtml
Eichner, A. (2017, May 15). THC and Hemp. Retrieved May 1, 2018, from https://www.usada.org/thc-and-hemp-sos-winter-2013-2014/
USDA. (2016) “Industrial Hemp.” Industrial Hemp | National Institute of Food and Agriculture, nifa.usda.gov/industrial-hemp